Technology News: The US Space Agency NASA is going to collaborate with the tech giant Google to help the local governments to improve their monitoring ad prediction of air quality. NASA and Google will develop advanced machine learning-based algorithms that link to space data with GEE (Google Earth Engine) data streams to generate high-resolution air quality maps in near real-time.
The director of Google Earth, Earth Engine, and Outreach at Google, Rebecca Moore said, that they are very delighted with their partnership with NASA to make air quality more usable at a local level on daily basis.
The results of this will create city-scale, near real-time estimation and forecasting of harmful pollutants including nitrogen dioxide and fine particulate matter. Google also has to assimilate new data sets of NASA into the Earth Engine Catalogue, which are automatically updated on daily basis.
Moreover, these data sets include data from the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System Composition Forecasts (GEOS-CF) and Modern-Era Retrospective analysis for Research and Applications, version 2 (MERRA-2). These provide satellite observations of the pollutants to help map and predict the regions with poor quality of air.
Air pollution and harmful air pollutants affect people a lot and the environment, according to the WHO, air pollution is responsible for about 7 million deaths worldwide each year. The senior scientist of USRA at NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Pawan Gupta said, that this partnership is a big and important step forward to coalescent the air pollution data from critical sources, from ground level observations to satellite data into advanced machine learning algorithms.
The resolution of air quality maps will be a useful tool for the cities and community organizations that can able to take action on climate and health in their near area. Additionally, Moore said, this research partnership will help GOOGLE to improve the resolution, validation, and usefulness of those air quality maps in both space and time.
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